Gum is derived from guar seeds or cyamopsis tetragonoloba termed as Guar Gum. Guar Gum can also be termed as guaran. These seeds have high low-shear viscosity as evaluated with other hydrocolloids like (locust bean gum). Guar Gums are effective thickeners and stabilizers. Guar Gum is relatively cost effective as compared to other thickeners and stabilizers along with it being an effective binder, plasticizer and emulsifier. One of the important properties of guar gum, a polysaccharide, is that it is high on galactose and mannose.
The guar bean is principally grown in India, Pakistan, U.S., Australia and Africa. India produces 2.5 – 3.5 million tons of guar annually, making it the largest producer with about 80% of world production. While Pakistan produced 250,000 tons of guar in 2013.
In India, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana are the main producing regions, and Jodhpur, Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh in Rajasthan are the major Guar trading markets. The best quality guar beans are sometimes known as “Fast-Hydrating Guar”.Uses
Endosperm of guar seeds are used in many sectors of industries like mining, petroleum, drilling and textile., food products, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, water treatment, mining, drilling, explosives, confectioneries and many more. Since a long time Guar Gum can be also named as a hydrocolloid, is treated as the key product for humans and animals as it has a very high nourishing property. Two major health benefits of guar gum are
- Lowering blood Glucose
- Lowering insulin levels
Regions for Growing Guar Gum
Guar Gums are produced on semi-arid regions say Rajasthan, and to some extent in Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Gujarat. To get the best yield and harvesting results of guar seeds these seeds are sown in sandy soils, in the regions like North West India.