Fennel Seeds

Fennel

History
As per Greek mythology fennel came from the giant fennel, Ferula Communis, that Bacchanalian God Dionysus (the Greek God of food & wine) & his followers were said to have come from. As per the myths fennel stalk carried the coal that passed down knowledge from the Gods to men at Olympus. It was stalk of fennel plant that Prome-theus used to steal fire from the Gods. The ancient Greeks knew fennel by the name “MARATHON” as it grew in the field in which one of the great ancient battles the “Battle of Marathon” (490 BC) was fought. Ancient Romans regarded Fennel as the herb of sight. Fennel root extracts were often used in tonics to clear cloudy eyes.    Fennel (Feoniculum vulgare) is a perennial plant. It belongs to the “Apiaceae” family of herbs those include anise, caraway, celery, cher-vil, coriander, cumin, dill, and pars-ley. This popular family of culinary herbs are noted for the unique fla-vors they impart to various foods. Fennel has a thick bright green root-stock and stout stems. The 4’ to 5’ feet tall plant has unique beauty about it. The branched leaves bring forth bright golden flowers that blos-som in July & early August with each having thirteen to twenty rays. The leaves, bulb, and stalk of fennel resemble white celery and are all edi-ble. Called the pearl of aphrodisiacs, recently a popular British concoc-tion of fennel seeds, licorice root and water was named the “tonic for happy lovers”.
Production

  • India
  • Mexico
  • China
  • Iran
  • Bulgaria
  • Syria
  • Morocco
  • Egypt
  • Canada
  • Afghanistan

Production of Fennel in India

  • Rajasthan
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Punjab
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Gujarat
  • Karnataka
  • Haryana

Uses:-
The seeds are used in herbal medi-cines and as a spice in cooking. As per Aurveda fennel is used to treat indigestion, flatulence, hic-cups, colic, cramps, nausea, vomit-ing, excessive stomach acidity, breath freshener, treat gum disor-ders, diarrhea, increase peristalsis of the stomach and intestines, consti-pation, colon disorders, blood disor-ders and anemia, fatigue, lethargy and depression, giddiness of the head, frenzy, epilepsy, earache and toothache, kidney and bladder infec-tions, bedwetting, difficult or burning urination, gout, rheumatism, aching joints, hoarseness, sinus, congestion, expel mucus, coughs, sore throats, bronchitis, shortness of breath, emphy-sema, recovery from strokes.    In the Indian ubcontinent, Fennel seeds are eaten raw, as it is said to improve eyesight. Extracts of fennel seed have been shown in animal stud-ies to have a potential use in the treatment of glaucoma. While using fennel in food helps protect eyes from inflammation, Oxidants like Vitamin-C , Amino Acids like Arginie & Minerals like cobalt and magnesium are beneficial for rejuvenation of tissues & pre-vention of aging due to macular degeneration. The juice of fennel leaves and the plant can be externally applied on the eyes to reduce irritation and fatigue of eyes.

New crop: –
February-March