It has also been used as a magic weapon and a medicine. During the Middle Ages, people used dill to defend against witchcraft and enchantments. In India, however, dried dill fruits are occasionally used to flavor the lentil and bean dishes known as dal. More recently, people have used dill seeds and the partsc of the plant that grow above the ground as medicine. Dill is used for digestion problems including loss of appetite, intestinal gas (flatulence), liver problems, and gallbladder complaints. It is also used for urinary tract disorders including kidney disease and painful or difficult urination. Other uses for dill include treatment of fever and colds, cough, bronchitis, hemorrhoids, infections, spasms, nerve pain, genital ulcers, menstrual cramps, and sleep disorders. Dill seed is sometimes applied to the mouth and throat for pain and swelling (inflammation). In foods, dill is used as a culinary spice. Dill oil is used as a fragrance in cosmetics, soaps, and perfumes. Dill Seeds are widely used in picking as well as in German, Russian, and Scandinavian dishes. Dill Seed is good sprinkled over casseroles and in salad dressing. It has a camphorous, slightly bitter flavor. In Europe, it is mostly used for bread, vegetables (especially cucumber), pickles and fish; for the last application, the leaves are preferred. Furthermore, it is indispensable for herb flavored vinegars. Dill is also one of the few herbs used in cooking of the Baltic states, where chopped dill is a frequently decoration on various foods similar to the parsley and chives in other European countries. Fresh dill leaves (dill weed)is a kind of “national spice” in Scandinavian countries, where fish or shelfish dishes are usually either directly flavored with dill or served together with sauces containing dill. German cook also tend to use dill mostly for fish soups and stews.
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